D-8 organization was established in 15 June 1997 at the Çırağan Palace in İstanbul with the participation of 8 countries. These countries are Turkey, Iran, Pakistan, Bangladesh, Egypt, Nigeria, Indonesia and Malaysia.
With 1 billion 14 million people, these countries make the 14,43% of the world population which is nearly 7.1 billion. D-8 organization consists of 8 Muslim countries while it represents the majority of the 60 countries that are members of the Islamic Conference. It also represents a great part of the world population, surface area and of the raw material, natural resources and labour force.
WHEN AND WHY WAS THE D-8 ORGANIZATION ESTABLISHED?
Despite the fights and sufferings during the 20th century, humanity couldn’t find the longed peace, justice, welfare and happiness in neither half of the 20th century before and after the Yalta Conference signed in 4 February 1945.
The World War I ended great empires like the Ottoman State, Russian Tsarizm, English Kingdom and Austria-Hungary Empire After that fascist dictators came to power in some places.
The World War II broke up to discharge dictators like Stalin, Hitler, Mussolini, Franco and the war caused great sufferings for lot of people.
Following the discharge of dictators, humanity was in need of the establishment of freedom, human rights and democracy and Yalta Conference was initiated to re-organize the world for the so-called intention of establishing the said matters. However, despite a struggle of more than 50 years, this organization couldn’t achieve these intentions and goals.
There are three important reasons behind that.
1. Yalta Conference was held as a conference of the victorious countries. A New World did not established according the principles of freedom, human rights, real democracy and a Just Order.
2. The World War II couldn’t remove all dictators. Stalin was still in power. He continued his dictatorship also after the World War II. Therefore a “cold war” period was experienced in the world from 1945 to 1990.
3. After the cold war period, from 1990 to 1997 when D-8 was established, the Western leaders tended to establish a world again based on hostility instead of peace.
The most obvious evidence of this is the speech by the Prime Minister of England, Margaret Thatcher, at the NATO meeting in Scotland. Thatcher replied to the question “What are we going to do, are we going to abolish NATO” after the collapse of the Soviet Union as follows:
“An ideology cannot survive without enemy. We have to have an enemy to survive. Soviet Union has collapsed and is no more an enemy. We need to put a new enemy instead. This new enemy will be ISLAM. NATO’s red colour for enemy is no more valid, but this colour would probably be “green” based on the developments ahead”.
This was an historic event. Just thereafter, many scientific articles were published to support this plan. One of them is the article called “End of America” by Professor Owen Harries published in the 1993 fall issue of the FR magazine.
In this article, Harries states in meaning:
“America has no more an enemy. And there is no more competition from now on! Therefore, a relaxation takes place in America. After that, they will lose what they already have and be subject to a process of collapse.”
First, they created the slogans of Globalism with the One Poled World. The world was a small village and therefore a single market due to scientific and technologic possibilities of humanity. When people discuss these slogans, they focused on semantic meanings without knowing what will follow after these slogans.
So, this misguidance of the new formation caused start of wars in the most sensitive regions of the world instead of establishing peace on earth. First the Iran-Iraq War, then the Gulf War, Bosnian massacre, Azerbaijan and Chechnya massacres which are all against Muslim populations, and various embargoes on Muslim countries, insensitivity of the West towards people dying from hunger and misery in Somali and Ruanda, Muslims always being the target of all these events should be considered and evaluated together with the above mentioned words of Thatcher to understand why the formations in the West failed.
6 stars in the flag of D-8’s symbolize the basic principles of D-8. Each of these principles indicates the right things to return due to useless insist on what is wrong.
With these realities in mind, it is now evident that a new path should be selected where these basic mistakes will not be done to establish peace and happiness on earth. D-8 organization was established in 15 June 1997 due this obligation. The realities of the 20th century and the lessons to be taken required the establishment of D-8.
D-8 organization is one of the most important event of the 20th century and a valuable gift to the 21st century. The establishment of D-8 is like a gate to light in the end of the 20th century which was full of wars and conflicts.
LESSONS TO TAKE FROM THE EVENTS OF THE 20TH CENTURY:
1- “MORALE NOT MATERIALISM” SHOULD BE TAKEN AS BASIS FOR WELFARE.
2- “DIALOGUE NOT CONFLICT” SHOULD BE TAKEN AS PRINCIPLE FOR WELFARE.
3- “JUSTICE NOT DOUBLE STANDARD” SHOULD BE TAKEN AS PRINCIPLE FOR THE WELFARE OF PEOPLE.
4- “EQUALITY NOT SUPERIORITY, PRIDE” SHOULD BE TAKEN AS PRINCIPLE FOR THE WELFARE OF PEOPLE.
5- “COOPERATION NOT EXPLOITATION” SHOULD BE TAKEN AS PRINCIPLE FOR THE WELFARE OF PEOPLE.
6- “HUMAN RIGHTS, FREEDOM AND REAL DEMOCRACY” SHOULD BE TAKEN AS PRINCIPLE FOR THE HAPPINESS OF COMMUNITIES.
6 stars in the flag of the D-8 organization symbolize the basic principles of D-8 countries. Each of these principles indicates the right things to return due to useless insist on what is wrong.
The meanings of six stars symbolizing 6 basic principles in the flag of D–8 are as follows:
1- Peace, not war!
2- Dialogue, not conflict!
3- Justice, not double standard!
4- Equality not Patronizing (Arrogance)!
5- Cooperation not exploitation!
6- Human rights, freedom and democracy not pressure and dominance!
These principles are not only the principles of D-8’ countries but the basic principles of establishing a New World.